Given the rise in dengue instances that Bangladesh is struggling, the World Well being Group (WHO) has known as for “efforts to regulate the inhabitants of mosquito vectors and reduce particular person publicity” with using mosquito repellents and using long-sleeved clothes
The outbreak, which has escalated quickly since late June, has seen a complete of 69,483 confirmed instances and 327 associated deaths between January 1 and August 7, with a case fatality price of 0.47 %, based on knowledgeable the WHO in a press release.
In July alone, 43,854 instances and 204 deaths have been reported, representing 63 % of all instances and 62 % of deaths. “The sharp improve within the quantity is unprecedented in comparison with the final 5 years, which emphasizes the severity of the continued outbreak,” they’ve warned.
“The best incidence of dengue happens within the context of an uncommon quantity of episodic rainfall, mixed with excessive temperatures and excessive humidity, which have resulted in a rise within the mosquito inhabitants all through Bangladesh,” they clarified.
Because of this, the group has assessed the danger of dengue on the nationwide stage as “Excessive”, primarily because of the rising variety of instances, the excessive case fatality price and the extensive geographical distribution of the instances.
To forestall additional development in instances, they’ve known as for “built-in vector administration (IVM) to regulate mosquito populations and scale back human-vector contact, together with elimination of potential breeding websites, discount of vector populations, and minimization of particular person publicity.
Particular actions contain vector management methods for larvae and grownup mosquitoes and supply discount, particularly water storage practices, and embrace weekly masking, draining, and cleansing family water storage containers, utilizing insecticide-treated mattress nets and spray inside areas (nebulization).
On the particular person stage, protecting measures embrace topical utility of repellents to uncovered pores and skin or remedy of clothes, and sporting long-sleeved shirts and pants; using family insect sprays or mosquito coils, in addition to window and door screens, which may scale back the probability of mosquitoes getting into the house.
Dengue, a viral an infection transmitted by means of mosquito bites, has lengthy plagued tropical and subtropical areas. Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are the principle vectors of the illness. An contaminated mosquito can transmit the virus for the remainder of its life.
Though there’s at the moment no particular remedy for dengue, early detection and correct medical look after case administration can considerably scale back mortality.
In accordance with the WHO, the main target is on the remedy of ache signs. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is commonly used to regulate ache and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine reminiscent of ibuprofen and aspirin ought to be averted as they’ll improve the danger of bleeding.
Most individuals with dengue have gentle or no signs and enhance inside two weeks, in uncommon instances, dengue might be extreme and result in demise, and if signs do happen, they often begin 4 to 10 days after an infection and final two to seven days.
Signs could embrace excessive fever (over 40°C), extreme headache, ache behind the eyes, muscle and joint ache, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands, and rash.